How do packaging colours influence marketing?
Colour— a visual representation of your brand— is an integral part of product packaging. It can trigger thoughts, feelings, and emotions about your product; and, directly impact the purchasing decision. That’s because 85% of consumers buy products based on colour.
This makes picking the right colour or colours for packaging all the more important. But how do you pick a palette that suits your brand, describes your product, helps you build a unique identity, and appeals to your customers?
How to Choose the Right Packaging Colours
Consumer Buying Behavior tells us that consumers are influenced by packaging colours. When picking the most suitable shade for your product packaging, you need to keep several things in mind.
- Think of the buyer: Your consumers should be able to connect with the colours you choose. Keep the target market in focus. Understand their needs, their motivation. What is their age, gender, economic status, education? For example, McDonald’s classic red and yellow colour represents energy and youthfulness that their target audience can relate to.
- Represent the product: At times, you want the packaging to tell the consumer about the contents of the products. For example, the colour of the shampoo bottle might give the buyer a hint about its composition.
- Stand apart from your competition: You don’t want your product to simply blend on the shelf but rather stand out. By choosing a colour that’s unique or different from your competition you have a better chance of your product being noticed and remembered. For example, two leading soda companies Coca-Cola and Pepsi have contrasting primary colours red vs blue. There are ways to decode a competitor’s packaging colours to help you make a decision.
- Communicate the product’s purpose: The colour should subconsciously communicate the message you want to send buyers. Do you want them to think about the product as comforting or fun? Is the product related to wellness or security? Does it evoke a sense of luxury or sophistication? For example, Apple’s classic white colour makes it appear premium.
- Keep branding in mind: Don’t lose out on communicating your brand’s voice. Your brand story should flow seamlessly through packaging colours and design. Do you want to reveal a quality about your organization? Is your brand professional, fun, or rebellious? For instance, T-mobile decided to adopt a hot pink logo when most other mobile service providers opted for black, blue, and red hues— making it different and bold.
- Consider cultural preferences: Colours have cultural meanings attached to them. Understand your consumers’ culture and heritage to come up with colour combinations. For example, the colour red represents good luck in China.
- Maintain consistency with design and font: Your colours should gel well with packaging design and the font you choose. Although it might seem obvious, it doesn’t take much to get too creative and go overboard. The fonts you choose also send across a message to your buyers and the colours should resonate with this message.
- Stick to your core brand colours: While experimenting is great when it comes to packaging a new product, you have to maintain colour consistency and brand identity. This means consumers should be able to recognize your brand no matter what the packaging or colours. For example, when Maaza came out with new packaging for their bottles, they still maintained the traditional yellow and red. You could also maintain consistency through tint and shade.
While there are a lot more factors to be considered, such as printing technology, the nature of the printing surface, or the print finish, choosing packaging colours is a careful decision to be made. And this decision cannot be made without understanding what your audience subconsciously associates with popular colours.
The Packaging Colour Psychology
Different hues influence human behaviour and emotion in multiple ways. A person’s response to a particular colour is triggered involuntarily and is driven by psychology. For example, brighter colours tend to reduce the seriousness of packaging, black adds sophistication to any packaging, grey or brown make the packaging conservative or masculine, pink adds a feminine touch, while red draws attention.
Shade and tint also play a role. They simply decide how a dull or bright colour should be since different tones have different meanings.
Let’s take a look at popular colours and their business perception.
- ATTRIBUTES: simplicity, elegance, purity
- BRANDS: Apple, Dove, Himalaya Baby Products
Image courtesy: gearpatrol.com
White is a packaging colour that is often used to convey that the product is simple, safe, traditional. For instance, Apple always highlighted the simplicity of their devices and all iPhone or iPad packaging is white. White is often accented with other colours to enhance or change the perception.
- ATTRIBUTES: sophistication, strength, authority
- BRANDS: Zara, Coach
Image courtesy: clementwcreative.com
Generally, black is used for high-end products, and the colour conveys a sense of luxury. It evokes class and elegance. Like white or grey, black can also be accentuated with other colours. Metalized gold or silver printing on matte black packaging creates an expensive look.
- ATTRIBUTES: strength, honesty, dependability, harmony, serenity
- BRANDS: Renu, Gillette, Pepsi
Image courtesy: www.hornallanderson.com
When it comes to product packaging, blue is one of the safest colours to use, irrespective of the age or gender of the potential customer. Another way to view this is to think of blue as boring, owing to its reliability and common use. You’ll have to think about your potential customers before going ahead with blue. Choosing the right shade of blue can allow you to target a specific market. Generally, darker shades of blue appeal to older audiences whereas lighter or more vibrant hues are for younger customers.
- ATTRIBUTES: excitement, passion, strength
- BRANDS: Coca-Cola, KFC, Nescafe
Image courtesy: economictimes.com
Red can stand for a lot of things. It really depends on the shade of red you are using. Darker shades are linked with products that are luxurious and professional whereas lighter shades are associated with products that are lively, energetic, but can be thought of as having a lower market value. Often gold or silver embellishments can help in lifting the perceived value.
- ATTRIBUTES: security, growth, harmony
- BRANDS: Subway, Green Tea
Image courtesy: www.emorykole.com
Green has been a staple colour for eco-friendly, natural, or healthy organic products. Like with red, darker shades of green are often linked to more luxurious products whereas muted shades are used for products associated with safety or nutrition.
- ATTRIBUTES: fun, adventurous, friendliness
- BRANDS: Fanta, Orange Juice, Payless Shoe Store
Image courtesy: www.antoniaskaraki.com
Psychology associates orange with exploration, extroversion, confidence, and optimism. However, different shades of orange have different meanings. Orange is a difficult colour to work with. But when done right, it can do your brand wonders.
- ATTRIBUTES: fun, optimism, energy
- BRANDS: McDonald’s, Sunflower Oil, Amul, Lego
Image courtesy: www.pantone.com
In packaging, yellow suggests originality, innovation, and fun. Yellow packaging is generally targeted at children and adolescents. It is an excellent option for products that aim to make people happy.
- ATTRIBUTES: calmness, clarity, purity
- BRANDS: Tiffany
Image courtesy: andersnord.com
Turquoise is a calming colour. It conveys clarity of thought. Turquoise is a great colour choice for health-related products or even cleaning products because it symbolizes cleanliness and purity without being too sterile.
- ATTRIBUTES: indulgence, luxury, spirituality
- BRANDS: Cadbury, Hallmark
Image courtesy: www.confectionerynews.com
Purple is used by food brands that are more of an indulgence than a necessity. Holistic products also make use of purple packaging since it’s associated with individuality and imagination. Purple with gold or silver accents can add a sense of exclusivity and exceptional quality.
- ATTRIBUTES: calming, beauty, femininity
- BRANDS: Barbie, Victoria’s Secret
Image courtesy: www.racked.com
Pink is non-threatening and calming. It is associated with empathy, sincerity, and beauty. Softer shades of pink are generally used for the packaging of products that are targeted towards females. However, darker shades of pink or combining pink with darker colours signify strength and sophistication. A muted and greyed out pink attracts an older market whereas bright neon pink attracts pre-teens.
While individual colours indicate certain aspects, adding a combination of colours, accents, or prints in a different colour can change or alter your messaging. When creating a colour palette for your packaging, it is essential to know how to combine colours. You can choose from harmonious or contrasting colours. For instance, green tea packaging might have analogous colours whereas an energy drink packaging usually has complementary, bright colours.
Packaging Colour by Industry
The industry plays an important role when it comes to packaging colour. That’s because of the perception the industry has on the buyer. Buyers are likely to take food and pharmaceutical packaging colour more seriously than FMCG product packaging. Here are some insights.
Food and Beverage
In food packaging, red has always been universally accepted. Green is used for healthy and natural foods whereas yellow is used for high energy serotonin-inducing products. Orange is associated with healthy and filling foods such as oats whereas blue is used for fun foods, such as cakes or crackers.
Cosmetic packaging traditionally makes use of pink and blue hues. As expected, packaging with pink is targeted towards female consumers whereas blue has been used for both the male and female segments. Cosmetic packaging also makes use of black and white colours. Products with charcoal often use grey or black packaging. Whereas products for children or products with milk extracts make use of white packaging.
In retail packaging, the colour often depends on the product as well as the brand. In most cases, the colour is determined by the product. At other times, the colour associated with branding is used. For instance, the packaging of the detergent product, Tide, has been predominantly orange, and the colour is a part of the brand identity.
Similarly, Canon uses red and white in their camera and printer retail packaging. The retail packaging of Casio watches uses vastly different colours. They use blue for their low-cost line-up, black for the more expensive series, white for women’s watches, and grey for their vintage collection. On the Run energy bars have different colours of packaging that indicate different flavours.
The colour used in electronics packaging often depends on the brand’s image or message – there is no fixed colour. For instance, Microsoft uses white, grey, or black packaging for its Surface devices to signify simplicity and power. Apple also makes use of white packaging. Motorola has made use of more vibrant colours for their phone boxes. While Logitech uses its proprietary green shade.